Dicionary - we explain
Here we collect explanations for all terms that can be associated with sugar-free products. We fill the list gradually and hope it can be a great help for a sugar-free life. All terms are related to a complete sugar-free life and better health.
BCAA will be an abbreviation for Branched-chain amino acids. BCAAs contain the amino acids L-leucine, L-isoleucine and L-valine. These amino acids are essential because the body cannot produce them itself.
Meat, eggs, fish, poultry and dairy products naturally contain BCAAs. Then they are bound in protein structures and must be broken down in the stomach. They are therefore absorbed more slowly by the body and give a certain increase in the body's secretion of growth hormones.
Potassium sorbate is a preservative that is used mainly to counteract yeasts and molds but also certain bacteria. It is synthetically produced and can cause hypersensitivity reactions.
Acesulfame potassium, acesulfame-K (sweetener)
Aspartame is a sweetener that is about 150-200 times sweeter than sugar. Aspartame has about the same amount of energy per gram as sugar, but thanks to the high sweetness, you do not need to use as much to achieve the sweet taste. It has no caries effect and no blood sugar or insulin response.
When Aspartame is broken down in the body, methanol (wood spirit), aspartic acid and the essential amino acid phenylalanine are formed. Beverages containing phenylalanine must be labeled with the text "Contains a source of phenylalanine" to warn people with the hereditary disease phenylketonuria (PKU). They cannot break down phenylalanine and must therefore avoid consuming aspartame. Phenylalanine is naturally found in significantly higher doses in, among other things, pork, sausages, turkey, chicken, wheat bran, cottage cheese, milk, yoghurt, eggs and avocados.
Aspartame was discovered by chance by chemist Jim Schlatter in 1965. Jim was developing a stomach ulcer medication and accidentally licked his fingers and discovered the sweet taste.
Cyclamic acid, cyclamates, E952 is a synthetically produced sweetener that is 35-50 times sweeter than regular sugar and is completely free of energy. The substance is controversial and banned in the United States after a study found it to be carcinogenic. The sweetener was discovered by chance, in 1937, when an antipyretic was being developed at the University of Illinois.
Inositol is a six-fold cyclic alcohol (polyalcohol) that plays a role in the intracellular signaling of cells. It can be used as a dietary supplement to increase the amount of water in the muscles in the same way as creatine, taurine and glutamine. Many energy and functional drinks have added Inositol.
Nocco is a trademark owned by and is an abbreviation of No Carbs Company. The company produces sugar-free functional drinks with, among other things, added caffeine, BCAAs and vitamins.
Read more about Nocco at Sugarveto.com
Sucralose is a sweetener that is about 600 times sweeter than sugar. Its properties allow it to be used in several different types of food due to its sweetening effect, stability and heating ability. Sucralose may, for example, be used in soft drinks, desserts and confectionery.
Sucralose is a modified sugar and is based on sucrose. The substance is partially absorbed into the body and excreted rapidly without being broken down. It thus goes straight through the body, which has given rise to environmental discussions. Sucralose does not provide energy or affect blood sugar levels.
Taurine is an organic acid, a derivative of the amino acid cysteine, which is formed in the body of humans. Lack of taurine in humans can, among other things, cause palpitations and affect liver function. The name comes from the Latin taurus for bull (from Greek ταῦρος. Tauros), when the substance was first discovered in the bile of an ox (Bos taurus) by the German chemists Friedrich Tiedemann and Leopold Gmelin in 1827.
In the nervous system, taurine acts as a neurotransmitter, interacting with the glycinergic system, glutamate and GABA. Taurine also appears to play a role in the regulation of brain volume. It provides protection against glutamate-induced excitotoxicity, affects osmosis, and participates in calcium metabolism.
The substance is found in all animal foods, mainly in red meat and especially in the heart muscle.
Taurine is a common additive in energy drinks and has been accused of causing deaths along with alcohol. However, it has been proven that in the small amounts, taurine has no or little negative effect on health.